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3 Jun 2015

Aloe vera: Herba Purba untuk Perubatan Pergigian Moden dan Anti radang

Kajian Literatur
Arbaz Sajjad1 and Samia Subhani Sajjad2

  1. Department of Prosthodontics, Specialist Dental Center, King Abdul Aziz Super Speciality Hospital Compound, Ministry of Health, Al-Jouf, Sakaka-42421, Saudi Arabia 
  2. Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Andhra Pradesh, India

Received 7 August 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013; Published 21 January 2014
Academic Editor: Luis Junquera
Copyright © 2014 Arbaz Sajjad and Samia Subhani Sajjad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mengkaji komposisi, tindakan, dan aplikasi klinikal tumbuhan Aloe vera dalam bidang pergigian dan untuk mewujudkan keberkesanannya sebagai tambahan yang tidak ternilai dalam rawatan penyakit gigi.

Kaedah. A pengguna dan sastera elektronik (MEDLINE, Cochrane Pusat Daftar Ujian Kawalan dan Google Scholar) carian telah dijalankan sehingga Julai 2013 dalam vitro dan dalam kajian vivo dan penyelidikan menyampaikan klinikal, mikrobiologi, imunologi, dan data pesakit berpusatkan untuk mengesahkan keberkesanan Aloe gel lidah dalam bidang pergigian.


Sebanyak 38 tajuk abstrak, dan kajian teks penuh telah dipilih dan dikaji semula. Lidah buaya mempunyai pelbagai ciri-ciri perubatan seperti anti-radang, anti-bakteria, anti-virus, dan antitumor yang mempercepatkan penyembuhan luka dan membantu dalam merawat pelbagai luka di rongga mulut. Manfaat yang berkaitan dengan Aloe vera telah dikaitkan dengan polisakarida yang terkandung dalam gel daun.

Kesimpulan. Sifat-sifat farmakologi Aloe vera telah revalidated dalam sains moden melalui pelbagai dalam vivo dan in vitro kajian. Herba ini mempunyai potensi besar sebagai terapi pergigian. Walaupun lidah buaya adalah herba yang menjanjikan dengan pelbagai aplikasi klinikal dalam bidang perubatan dan pergigian, lebih banyak kajian klinikal perlu dilakukan terutamanya untuk mengesahkan dan menjelaskan tindakan acemannan hidrogel dalam mempercepatkan penyembuhan ulser aphthous dan untuk mengesahkan keberkesanan Aloe gel pada plak dan gingivitis, sehingga dapat diwujudkan dalam bidang pergigian.

Terdapat lebih 250 spesis Aloe berkembang di seluruh dunia. Hanya dua spesies ditanam secara komersial: Aloe barbadensis Miller dan Aloe arborescens. Pokok Aloe ditanam di, kawasan tropika yang panas dan tidak boleh hidup suhu seperti semasa musim sejuk yang membeku. Di Amerika Syarikat, kebanyakan Aloe ditanam di Rio Grande Valley of South Texas, Florida dan California Selatan. Di peringkat antarabangsa, Aloe boleh didapati di Mexico, negara-negara Pacific Rim, India, Amerika Selatan, Amerika Tengah, Caribbean, Australia, dan Afrika . Selama bertahun-tahun, pokok ini telah dikenali dengan beberapa nama seperti "the wand of heaven", "heaven’s blessing," dan "penyembuh senyap".

Tindakan biologi & farmakologi Gel lidah buaya
  1. Penyembuhan Kesan luka
  2. Penghidratan Kulit
  3. Anti-Penuaan
  4. Anti Radang
  5. Anti-bakteria
  6. Anti-Kulat
  7. Antiviral
  8. Kesan Immunomodulating
  9. Antioksidan
  10. Antitumor
  11. Kesan julap


Aplikasi klinikal lidah buaya dalam Pergigian
  1. Aphthous Ulser
  2. Oral Lichen Planus
  3. Gingivitis
  4. Alveolar Osteitis
  5. Pelekat gigi palsu


Sifat-sifat farmakologi Aloe vera telah di terima pakai dalam sains moden melalui pelbagai sumber kajian dalam vivo dan vitro. Kajian-kajian saintifik adalah bukti yang cukup baik bahawa dadah mempunyai potensi besar sebagai terapi pergigian. Jadi diagnosis yang betul, ilmu perubatan tradisional, dan pelaksanaan pengetahuan kepada pelan rawatan adalah penting dalam memastikan kejayaan dengan ejen terapeutik pergigian.

Sumber rujukan lawat
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jds/2014/210463/
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js2200e/6.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23572784?dopt=Abstract
http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=36425
http://www.redflower.com/blog/part-and-parcel/aloe-vera
http://www.positivehealth.com/article/aloe-vera/aloe-vera-myth-or-medicine

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